极速赛车

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[法制日报]行政复议制度日益完善 为法治政府极速赛车提供强大动力

发布时间: 2018-09-18 16:40    来源:极速赛车_极速赛车大小计划app|【官网】

□壮丽70年·中国法治辉煌成就 

制图/高岳 

极速赛车  □ fazhiribaoquanmeitijizhe zhangwei

  题记 

  从新中国成立之初首创“复议”概念开始,到国务院于1990年颁布《行政复议条例》,再到1999年《中华人民共和国行政复议法》出台和2007年《中华人民共和国行政复议法实施条例》的颁布,中国的行政复议制度不断走向完善,为中国法治政府极速赛车提供了强大动力与重要保障。 

  司法部行政复议与应诉局局长陈富智告诉《法制日报》记者,自我国正式建立行政复议制度以来,行政复议充分发挥出两方面积极功能: 一方面“刀刃向内”监督依法行政,促进法治政府极速赛车。行政复议机关在办理个案时直接纠正违法或者不当的具体行政行为;同时针对共性违法问题,通过行政复议意见书、建议书、约谈、通报等手段予以规范,实现“办结一案、纠正一片”,从源头上倒逼依法行政。 

  另一方面,行政复议依法维护公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益。行政复议机关依法处理房屋征补、食品药品、社会保障等重点民生领域的行政争议,综合运用听证、实地调查、调解等多种方式实质性化解纠纷,以便捷、高效、低成本的方式切实维护群众合法权益,让群众在每一起行政复议案件中都感受到公平正义。 

  发展完善 

  受案数量质量逐步提升 

  jiazhushanghaidexiangyingmeixiangdao,zijihuizaibuzhibujuezhong“xianru”leyige“kuaguohunyin”,yincirelaidemafanzuizhongshitongguoxingzhengfuyijiejuede。

  zaoyizai1998nianjiujiehundeta,mingmingyouyigezhongguozhangfu,keshizaitayu2013nian1yuedaosuozaijiedaoshenqingbanlidibaoshi,quebeigaozhitagenbenbufuheshenqingtiaojian,liyoushitadehunyinshuyushewaihunyin。

  xiangyingyitouwushui,“zheizenmekenengni?”zhidaojiedaobanjiqichushilechaxunjieguo,tacaibudebuxiangxinzheiyangdeshishi: 2002nian6yue21ri,yiweishumingwei“xiangying”denvzi(xingming、shenfenhaoma、hujixinxiyushenqingrenbenrenyizhi)heyiweiribengongminxiangshiminzhengjushenqingbanlijiehundengji。

极速赛车  duiyuzheiyangxiqiaodeshiqing,xiangyingzixihuixianghou,juedekenenghetacengyishiguoxiangguanshenfenzhengjianyouguan,yingshiyourenmaoyongletadeshenfenbanlilehunyindengji。

  xiangyingxiangminzhengbumenshenqingchexiaozheiyishewaihunyindengjixinxi,yexiangfayuantiqiguoxingzhengsusong,quejungaoshibai。

  最终,项瑛选择了行政复议,这条“不得已才走的路”事后证明是最便捷高效的。尽管可以和法院持同样观点,即以超期为由不予受理,“但考虑到本案涉及人身关系这一重大权益,且持续存在,当事人基于婚姻而产生的相关社会关系会一直处于不确定状态,特别是其名下有两宗婚姻登记,无论该错误是由申请人自身造成的,还是行政机关引发的,均需通过调查后依法予以纠正。”上海极速赛车相关负责人说。 

  “womeiyouxiangdao,fuyijuranshizuihaoyongdezhidu,yifenqianmeihua,yemeidajinquduoshaoshijian,zheigejishoudewentijuranzheimeshunlijiujiejuele!”ruyuanyichangdexiangyingshuo,zheixiashenqingdibaoyinggaimeiwentile。

  xingzhengfuyinengshenshoubaixinghaopingyuxinren,libukaixinzhongguochengliyilaiwodangzhizhengweimindejuexinyunuli,libukaixiangguanzhidudebuduanwanshan。

极速赛车  zaozai1950nian,zhonghuarenmingongheguozhongyangrenminzhengfuzhengwuyuangongbushishide《shuiwufuyiweiyuanhuizuzhitongze》jiushouchuang“fuyi”defalvgainian,weijianlixinzhongguodexingzhengfuyizhidudiandinglejichu。cihou,youyouduobudanxingfalvfaguiguidinglexingzhengfuyi,danjutimingchenghechengxuguidingbingbutongyi。

极速赛车  1979nianhou,suizheguojiafazhijisusaichedehuifu,xianhouyou100duobudanxingfaduigezixingzhengguanlilingyudexingzhengfuyishixiangzuochuguiding。

极速赛车  weigenghaoweihuhejianduxingzhengjiguanyifaxingshizhiquan,baohugongmin、farenheqitazuzhidehefaquanyi,guowuyuanyu1990nianbanbu《xingzhengfuyitiaoli》,woguozicizhengshiqueliletongyidexingzhengfuyizhidu。

  1996nian3yue,genjuquanguorendachangweihuiheguowuyuanlifagongzuoanpai,yuanguowuyuanfazhijukaishiqicaoxingzhengfuyifacaoan。1999nian,dijiujiequanguorendachangwuweiyuanhuidijiucihuiyitongguole《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxingzhengfuyifa》,zaifalvcengmianwanshanlexingzhengfuyizhidu。

极速赛车  2007nian5yue,guowuyuanbanbule《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxingzhengfuyifashishitiaoli》,jinyibuzengqianglexingzhengfuyizhidudekecaozuoxing。

  muqian,xingzhengfuyifaxiudingyilierushisanjiequanguorendachangweihuilifaguihua,sifabujiangzaiquanmianzongjiexianxingxingzhengfuyifaguancheshishijingyandejichushangqiantouqicaoxiudingcaoan,jinyibuwanshanxingzhengfuyizhidu。

  chenfuzhijieshaoshuo,zaixingzhengfuyilifazhubuwanshandetongshi,sifabugenjuyouguandifangjibumenxingzhengfuyijigoudeqingshi,duixingzhengfuyizhidushixingguochengzhongdeyouguanzhongdawentizuochudafu;bushaodifanghebumenjieheshiji,zhidingleduobuxingzhengfuyifangmiandedifangxingfagui、difangzhengfuguizhang、bumenguizhangjixiangguanguifanxingwenjian,chubuxingchengleyixingzhengfuyifaweihexin、juyoushijiantesedexingzhengfuyizhidutixi。

  suizhezhongguoxingzhengfuyizhidudezhengshijianliyubuduanwanshan,xiangguananjianyeyurijuzeng,xingzhengfuyiyuelaiyueduodifahuichuzhongyaozuoyong。julejie,zai1991nianzhi1998niandi《xingzhengfuyitiaoli》shixingqijian,quanguogongshoudaoxingzhengfuyianjianyue24wanjian,nianjun3wanjian,xingzhengfuyizhiduchubufahuilehuajiexingzhengzhengyi、weihuqunzhonghefaquanyidezuoyong。

  纠正违法 

  行政复议倒逼依法行政 

  “daxinfang、zhongsusong、xiaofuyi”dechuantonggejuzhengzaibeidapo。guoqu,guanminfashenglejiufen,zaiduoshudifanglaobaixingshouxuanxinfang,qicishisusong,zuihoucaishifuyi。danjinnianlai,xingzhengfuyide“chujinglv”zeyuelaiyuegao。

  2019nian3yue26rixiawu3shi,shuyuxingzhengfuyideyigegaoguangshikedaolai,guowuyuanxinwenbangongshishoucijiuxingzhengfuyijuxingxinwenfabuhui,sifabufubuzhangzhaodachengjieshao2018nianquanguoxingzhengfuyi、xingzhengyingsuzongtiqingkuang,bingdajizhewen。

极速赛车  zheishixingzhengfuyidiyicizouxiangzuimijideshanguangdengxia,yeshisifabuzhongzuhouxingzhengfuyigengyoudiqilaidaoqiantaijieshoudangherenminjianshidetixian。

  2018nianxingzhengfuyijiaoshangleyifenchengjiyouxiudekaojuan。juzhaodachengjieshao,2018nian,quanguogejixingzhengfuyijiguanyifabanlixingzhengfuyianjian25.7wanjian,banjie22.4wanjian。banjiedeanjianzhong,fuhefadingshoulitiaojian,yifazuochuxingzhengfuyijuedingde19.7wanjian;bufuhefadingshoulitiaojian,yifazuochuxiangyingchulide2.7wanjian。sifabubanjieguowuyuanxingzhengfuyianjian2536jian,qizhongfuhefadingshoulitiaojiandeguowuyuancaijueanjian522jian。

  quanguogejixingzhengfuyijiguanbanjiedeshoulianjianzhong,zuochuchexiao、biangeng、querenweifahezelinglvxingdengjiucuojuedingdeyue3wanjian,jiucuolvda15.1%;qizhong,sifabubanlideguowuyuanxingzhengfuyicaijueanjianjiucuolvda18.7%。

极速赛车  quanguogejixingzhengfuyijiguanzhenduibananzhongfaxiandeweifagongxingwenti,zhifaxingzhengfuyiyijianshu4958fen,zelingyouguanxingzhengjiguanyouzhenduixingdigaijinzhifa;qizhong,sifabuzhifaguowuyuanxingzhengfuyicaijueyijianshu43fen,yuetanyouguanfangmian26ci,shixingzhengfuyizhangchuledaobiyifaxingzhengde“yachi”。ciwai,2018nian,gejixingzhengjiguangongbanliyishenxingzhengyingsuanjian23.5wanjian,baisulvyue14.7%。

  duiyuxingzhengfuyide“lihai”,henancunminliulin(huaming)shijianshiguode。2018niantajiuqinshentihuileyiba。tasuozaidecunzhuangmianlinzhengdi,shejixiangguanbuchangdengzhuduowentidefanganbingbunengrangtaheqitayixiecunminmanyi。tamenjiuyiqiquzhaolecunweihui,cunweihuituijiquli,quliyoutuijishili,shiliyoutuijileshengli。

  “deque,zhengdipifushishengzhengfuzuochude。”liulintamenyiheji,haishibuxiangjiucizuoba,zixunlefalvrenshihou,tamenxiangshengzhengfushenqinglexingzhengfuyi。jieguoshengzhengfuweichileyuanlaidejueding。

极速赛车  bijingshiguanhuzijishenjiaxingmingdetudizhishi,liulintamenyouyijujiangshengzhengfugaodaoleguowuyuan。

  meiyouxiangdao,gushidejiejuwanquanfanzhuan,sifabuxingzhengfuyiyuyingsujubujinzuochulequerenzhengdipifuweifadecaijue,erqieduishengzhengfudechengxuweifawentijinxingleyansuchuli。

极速赛车  yuanlai,zaizhengdibaopicailiaozhong,youguanzhengqianchengxucailiaoshangdecunweihuigongzhanghecunweihuizhurenqianzijunyouwenti: suogaidecunweihuigongzhangbingfeizhengdishihefayouxiaogongzhang,cunweihuizhurenqianziyebushishirencunweihuizhurenbenrensuoqian。zheixiewentidoubeiminruidesifabuxingzhengfuyiyuyingsujufaxianle。

极速赛车  erdangdizhengfuduicibingmeiyoutichuhelijieshi,yebunengtigongzhengjuzhengmingyiyifalvxinglezhengqiangaozhichengxu,suoyizuizhongbeipanzailiuqixiangguanfuyianjianzhongweifa。

  “woxiangdoubuganxiang,jisusaichejurandaguansi!”nadaojieguohou,liulinjidongdishuo。youqiduiyuzheiyifanbaiweishengdeyuanyin,liulingengshiyong“huoyanjinjing”laixingrongbananrenyuan。

  探索改革 

  不断强化监督纠错功能 

极速赛车  shandongshengdongyingshishiminhoujianliangduiyuxingzhengfuyidedichengbengaochengxiaoshifenzanshang。tagaosujizhe,tajiejueyuxingzhengjiguanjiufendeguochengxiangdangjiandan,tianxiexingzhengfuyishenqingshu,dangchanglian,budaoyigeyueshoudaoxingzhengfuyijuedingshu,xingzhengxingweibeichexiao。“zuixianbaozheshishidexintai,meixiangdaozheimejiandanshunli,wohaiyifenqianmeihua。”taxiaocheng,zijifuchudeweiyichengbenjiushishihoujixingzhengfuyiweiyuanhuisongdeyimianjinqi。

  xingzhengfuyizhiduranglaobaixingduoleyigequanlijiujiqudao,danxingzhengfuyitizhijizhirengzaibuduanwanshanzhong。

  zaisifabudetuidongxia,quanguo23gesheng(qu、shi)de822gedifangzhengfukaizhanlexingzhengfuyitizhigaigeshidiangongzuo,tansuodifangyijizhengfuzhibaoliuyigexingzhengfuyijiguan,youzhengfutongyixingshixingzhengfuyizhize。

极速赛车  “shijianzhengming,xingzhengfuyitizhigaigeqianghualeyizhengfuweizhutidejiandujiucuogongneng,tishenglezhengfudeyifaxingzhengshuipinghegongxinli;zhenghelefensandexingzhengfuyiziyuan,tishenglegongzuoxiaoneng;shixianlezhengfu‘yikouduiwai’jinxingfuyi,bianyuqunzhongzhaozhunfuyijiguan。”chenfuzhishuo,muqian,sifabuzaiquanmianzongjiedifanggaigeshidianjingyan、guangfanzhengqiugeyouguanfangmianyijiandejichushang,qicaoxingchengleyouguangaigefangan,zhengzaianchengxubaoqingshenyi。

极速赛车  tongshi,jiaqiangxingzhengfuyixinxihuajisusaichedegongzuoyezaijinxingzhong。sifabukaifalequanguoxingzhengfuyigongzuopingtai,zhengheanjianzaixianbanli、shujufenxiyanpandengqigemokuai,liyongxinxihuashouduantuozhanlexingzhengfuyigongneng。tuidongquanguogejixingzhengfuyijigouzi2019nianqiyingyongzheiyipingtaibanlixingzhengfuyianjian。jiezhimuqian,quanguo31gesheng(zizhiqu、zhixiashi)heduoshuguowuyuanbumenyijingzuzhishiyonglequanguoxingzhengfuyigongzuopingtai,dengjianjianxinxiershiyuwanjian。

极速赛车  ciwai,jiaqiangduiquanguoxingzhengfuyigongzuodejianduzhidao。sifabutongguohuiyizhidao、huibiandianxinganlihefatiaoshiyi、kaizhangongzuojiancha、zuzhirenyuanpeixun、bianyinxingzhengfuyigongzuodongtaihedianxinganli、kaizhananjianniandutongjifenxidengcuoshi,youzhenduixingdijiaqiangduiquanxitongdejianduzhidao。yuzuigaorenminfayuanxingzhengtingjianlihuishangjizhi,xiediaojiejuefuyiyususongxianjiefangmiandezhongdawenti。

  “jisusaichehaiyaojixujiaqiangxingzhengfuyixuanchuan,jijiyindaoqunzhongzhixiaobingxuanzetongguoxingzhengfuyizheiyifadingqudaobiaodasuqiu、weihuquanyi。”chenfuzhishuo。

  记者点评 

  □ zhangwei

  新中国成立后,中国共产党以实际行动让人民看到了官员是“为人民极速赛车”的公仆,复议制度更是自新中国成立后即有雏形,这都为日后各种监督制度的构建与完善打下了坚实的基础。 

  尤其是上个世纪80年代末90年代初行政诉讼法的颁布实施后,行政诉讼制度日渐深入人心,老百姓开始知道可以到法院去打官司,起诉那些不按法律办事的行政机关。同期,国务院复议条例出台,老百姓的权利救济渠道又多了一个。10年后,《中华人民共和国行政复议法》的出台,进一步统一并完善了这一行政机关系统内部自我监督纠错的重要制度平台。 

  行政复议制度正式运行以来,尤其是党的十八大以来,其对内监督政府自身依法行政,促进法治政府极速赛车,对外坚持复议为民,依法维护公民、法人以及其他组织的合法权益。极速赛车看到,无论是多么棘手的案件,涉及拆迁的补偿事宜也好,关乎民生的社会保障也好,都可通过复议得到妥善处理;不管是什么级别的政府,但凡被查出有违法行为,都会被复议机关不留情面,该判判,该罚罚。 

  作为法治政府极速赛车的重要推手,极速赛车期待复议制度焕发出更多活力,当好守护百姓权益的维权利器。 

 

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